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What Is Erasmus

What Is Erasmus
Written by Carla

Have you ever wanted to live abroad and experience a foreign country and their culture, meet new people and learn a foreign language? When looking for a job in the future, have you considered increasing the efficiency of your work and having better career chances? Have you ever been excited to share your ideas and create good moments with other students from all over the world? Well, have you ever dreamed of learning to do an internship abroad and work collaboratively? If you know what is Erasmus so you will absolutely live your dream.

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What is Erasmus+

Erasmus + Program is a European funding program that was established in 1987 and offers university students the opportunity to do internships or studying abroad for at least 2 months and a maximum of 12 months per study program. More than two million students have participated in Erasmus since its establishment. Of course, the program isn’t all about socializing; Erasmus gives students the chance to study, work or learn a language in another European country during their stay at university. Erasmus + now offers the possibility to go beyond European borders. Basically, it is a chance for universities and students in 33 countries to mix, learn new skills and broaden their horizons.

What is the Difference Between Erasmus and Erasmus +

Erasmus is a student exchange program in which a student spends several months in a semester at a European university. Alternatively, the student can also do an internship in a European country. Scholarships are available.

Erasmus + is a program that provides scholarships to study at European universities. There are Joint Programs (Post Graduate Courses and Joint PhDs) run by a group of universities.

Both programs have now been combined into a single program, Erasmus +. You can read all the detailed information about Erasmus + in my guide.

What is the Purpose of the Erasmus + Program

The aim of the Erasmus + program is a comprehensive and qualified program that promotes employment growth, social equality, and harmonization with the European Union. It also contributes to Europe’s growth, employment, social equality, and participation strategy and the objectives of the EU’s strategic framework for education and training.

Erasmus + is also a program that aims to encourage the sustainable development of its partners in the field of higher education and contribute to the achievement of the goals of the EU Youth Strategy.

In practice, Erasmus + offers study abroad programs ranging from 2 to 12 months for undergraduate, graduate and doctoral students. Each education level is considered as a ‘semester’ and students can stay abroad for a maximum of 12 months for one semester. Funding is usually given to students participating in an Erasmus + program. The grant provided is usually several hundred Euros per month, depending on the cost of living in the place where your education abroad takes place. In addition, Erasmus + students are exempt from tuition fees at the university they attend.

In addition to study abroad programs, Erasmus also offers internship and vocational training opportunities. These programs vary depending on your field of study, but can take between two weeks and 12 months. Internships are funded by the European Commission, but funding is managed by the organization or program where you are doing the internship. In order to participate in the Erasmus internship, you must be in a participatory training program or graduate within one year.

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The Aims of the Erasmus + Program are as follows:

  • Reducing unemployment, especially among young people
  • Supporting student learning for new skills required by the labor market
  • To encourage young people to participate in European democracy
  • Supporting innovation, collaboration and reform
  • Reducing early drop-outs from school (education)
  • To encourage cooperation with partner countries of the EU

Who Can Attend Erasmus

Although eligibility for the Erasmus + program varies from one country to another, it is a program open to many individuals and universities.

Students can participate in most of the opportunities funded by Erasmus +, but most have to do so through an organization included in the program. The eligibility of students and universities depends on their country of residence.

Eligible countries are divided into two groups as Erasmus + program countries and partner countries. While Erasmus + countries are eligible for all possibilities of the Erasmus + program, partner countries can only take part in some of the program and are subject to certain conditions.

You can find more information about eligibility and opportunities (for both students and universities) in the Erasmus + Program Guide.

After completing the first year of the university, higher education students can benefit from Erasmus + studies and Erasmus + placement programs. There is no age limit.

Countries You Can Go With Erasmus +

Countries you can go to within the scope of Erasmus + program;

Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic (Czech Republic), Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal , Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden, Great Britain, Macedonia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Serbia, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, Tunisia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia and Russia.

There are many countries working in partnership with Erasmus +, such as non-EU Balkan countries and some Middle Eastern countries. The Erasmus program is also open to students from other non-EU countries in places such as Latin America and Asia.

As Erasmus + is organized through your university, you need to find out which European countries you want to study abroad has exchange agreements with. If you cannot find any information, contact your university’s Erasmus + coordinator.

Is Erasmus + Paid ?

Each student is awarded a grant that partially covers the cost of staying abroad. Grants differ in sending and host countries. Universities clearly report the amount of the grant to students.

Students who exchange within the scope of the Erasmus + program pay their tuition fees at their own universities.

You should be aware that in most cases, only the Erasmus + grant will not cover all of your living expenses.
The good thing about the Erasmus + program is that you do not have to pay extra tuition fees for the foreign university you go to for the exchange program. Another great feature of the Erasmus + program is that you can receive grants for your education or work placement.

In addition, there is a one-time fee of € 400 for students who choose to do Erasmus + in less popular countries. Currently, if you are spending a full academic year (24 weeks) in an Erasmus + program, you do not have to pay tuition fees for your home university.

How to Apply for the Erasmus + Program?

You usually apply for the Erasmus + program through the university you study at. In this case, you should apply to your university’s Erasmus + coordinator. Applications are usually made online between October and February. If you receive admission, the university abroad will contact the university you are currently studying at. You will then be contacted by the university and all information about the admission process will be provided by you.

What are Erasmus + Courses ?

One of the basic rights that every exchange student has is the full recognition of the courses opened abroad. Before leaving the university where the student is studying at home, he signs the Learning Agreement, which is a document explaining the study program. At the end of Erasmus, the university prepares a document called Transcript Records confirming the program and results of completed studies for the student. These documents are legally binding on all parties concerned (the university where they study at home and abroad).

Erasmus + Language Learning

Universities often offer language courses to international students. Since 2015, all Erasmus + students can register on the Erasmus + Online Language Support website and participate in online language courses.

Internship Opportunity Abroad with Erasmus +

The Erasmus + program also offers the opportunity to do an internship abroad. The only requirement is to be a student registered at a higher education institution in a program country at the undergraduate, graduate or doctoral level. New graduates can also join, but you must complete your internship within one year of your graduation and apply when enrolling at the university.

The internship period abroad lasts from a minimum of 2 months to a maximum of 12 months. Note, however, that you cannot benefit from the Erasmus + program for more than 12 months in one study period (there are 3 study periods defined by the European Qualifications Framework: first semester (Bachelor’s or equivalent), second semester (Master’s or equivalent), third semester (Doctorate or equivalent)) .

When it comes to choosing a company for an internship, you must meet 3 conditions:

  • Your university must have the Erasmus + Higher Education Requirement.
  • It should be related to your internship degree and training needs
  • The company / organization you choose to do your internship must be in an Erasmus + program country
  • It is possible to benefit from Erasmus + grant for internship. The purpose of the grant is to cover your travel and living expenses. However, the amount of the grant depends on the country where you intend to do the internship and the number of other students applying.

For more information on access to documents required by all parties regarding the application period, please check the official Erasmus + Learning Agreement page.

Scholarship Opportunity for Erasmus + Students

A scholarship allows you to receive funding for a specific type of study program or for a specific period of time. To get a Bureau, you must meet some academic and sometimes non-academic criteria. These criteria are set by the sponsoring institution and are usually based on their values ​​and expectations. The good news is: the scholarship does not need to be repaid. However, the amount to be awarded for the scholarship varies from institution to institution.

There are numerous scholarship opportunities subject to specific conditions. There are also many scholarship opportunities, which differ significantly in purpose and criteria. The most common organizations offering scholarships for postgraduate study include universities, charities, societies, private organizations, foundations and chambers of commerce.

What is the Opportunity to Win a Scholarship

Approximately € 16 billion scholarships are awarded each year in Europe. More than 700 programs offer students the opportunity to receive scholarships. Whether you are eligible for a scholarship depends on the criteria set by the sponsor. For example, many scholarships are based on merit, so your academic performance is crucial to earning such an award. Other scholarships are student-specific. Eligibility criteria include gender, religion, origin, financial situation, disability, and more.

Everyone has a chance to get a scholarship, contrary to the assumption that only very successful people are entitled to scholarships.

Where Can I Find More Information About Erasmus +

You can find more detailed information about Erasmus + on the website of the European Commission. How to apply, deadlines etc. For information about, please contact the International Relations (Erasmus +) Office of your university.

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About the author

Carla